Dress of Marie Antoinette’s court, 1770’s and Coco Chanel with Suzy Parker, 1957
[At all the fashion shows] the story was the same: footwear that had become an abstraction, not a vehicle that would allow a woman to motor through life, but one that would chain her, complicate her life, render her... dependent….I would like to give fashion the benefit of the doubt. Raf Simons and Stella McCartney do so much sartorially to liberate women, to make them look slick and strong through the cut of a jacket, the generosity of a collar and the absence of extraneous gewgaws. "The Politics of Shoes," Vanessa Friedman
We will consider fashion and gender identity expression as represented below in Nathaniel Goldberg of Karolina Kurakova, 2011 and JW Anderson 2008.